By M. Perrie
Ivan IV, the 16th-century tsar infamous for his reign of terror, turned an not going nationwide hero within the Soviet Union throughout the Nineteen Forties. This e-book lines the advance of Ivan's confident photo, putting it within the context of Stalin's crusade for patriotism. as well as historians' pictures of Ivan, the writer examines literary and creative representations, together with Sergei Eisenstein's well-known movie Ivan the bad, banned for its depiction of the tsar which was once interpreted as an allegorical feedback of Stalin.
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Ivan IV, the 16th-century tsar infamous for his reign of terror, turned an not going nationwide hero within the Soviet Union in the course of the Nineteen Forties. This ebook strains the advance of Ivan's optimistic picture, putting it within the context of Stalin's crusade for patriotism. as well as historians' photos of Ivan, the writer examines literary and creative representations, together with Sergei Eisenstein's well-known movie Ivan the bad, banned for its depiction of the tsar which used to be interpreted as an allegorical feedback of Stalin.
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Additional info for The Cult of Ivan the Terrible in Stalin's Russia (Studies in Russian and East European History)
76 The Baltic theme remained relevant, but the emphasis was changed from Russian claims to the area towards an exposé of German oppression of the Baltic peoples in the Middle Ages. )79 On 7 November 1941 (the twenty-fourth anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution), when the Germans were only forty miles from Moscow, Stalin made the famous speech in Red Square in which he identified Russian heroes who should serve as a source of inspiration for the Soviet armed forces in the present crisis. 80 The military orders of Suvorov, Kutuzov and Alexander Nevskii were introduced in July 1942,81 and these heroic figures were to be constantly evoked throughout the most critical period of the Soviet–German war.
F. Platonov with the same title (1923), which develops the interpretation of I[van] IV provided earlier by the same author in his Essays on the History of the Troubles in the Muscovite State in the SixteenthSeventeenth Centuries. ‘A Marxist analysis of the activity of I[van] IV was first provided by M. N. 66 Few would have guessed that, within a year of the publication of Nechkina’s article, a campaign to discredit Pokrovskii was to begin. 67 In conclusion, we should note that – contrary to later assertions in the Stalin period – the image of Ivan the Terrible in ‘noble-bourgeois’ historiography was not an exclusively negative one: representations of the tsar varied widely, from Karamzin’s ‘tormentor’ to Vipper’s ‘apotheosis’.
Tolstoi saw him as the tyrannical analogue of Nicholas I. The search for ‘contemporary relevance’ in the sixteenth century continued into the early Soviet period. For Vipper, Ivan was the model of a strong and popular ruler, the antithesis of the weak Nicholas II. And historians such as Polosin saw the land reforms of the oprichnina as a ‘social revolution’ with similarities to that of the Bolsheviks. Although in the period of the Prologue 21 cultural revolution the positive images of Ivan Groznyi projected by Vipper and Platonov were condemned as pro-monarchist and hence counter-revolutionary, they were nevertheless available to Soviet historians when the new oprichnina of 1936–8 required its apologists.