By D. M. Singleton, Zsolt Lengyel, David Singleton
Assembles various views at the age consider moment language acquistion via all of which runs the typical thread of definite scepticism in regards to absolutist model of the concept there's a specific maturational degree past which language studying is not any longer attainable.
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Extra resources for The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition: A Critical Look at the Critical Period Hypothesis
SCOVEL, T. 1988, A Time to Speak. A Psycholinguistic Inquiry into the Critical Period for Human Speech. Rowley, MA: Newbury House. , KRASHEN, S. and LADEFOGED, P. 1975, Maturational constraints in the acquisition of second languages. Language Sciences 38, 20-2. Reprinted in KRASHEN, SCARCELLA and LONG (eds) (1982) (pp. 13-19). SERVICE, E. 1993, Phonological and semantic aspects of memory for foreign language. In J. -T. CLAES (eds) Actes: 1er Congrès International: Mémoire et Mémorisation dans l'Acquisition et l'Apprentissage des Langues.
This led him to conclude that adults have not lost the ability to attain a native level of pronunciation in a foreign language. However, as Scovel (1988: 154-9) and Long (1990: 266-8) have pointed out, there are some serious methodological flaws in Neufeld's study, which undermine his conclusions. First of all, the subjects whom Neufeld reported to have been judged native speakers in fact received scores either of 5 ('Unmistakably native with no sign of interference') or of 4 ('Appears native with occasional English-like sounds').
Secondly, the outcome may have been influenced by the instructions to the judges. They were not told that the speech samples to be judged were produced by English-speaking learners of Japanese and Chinese, but were made to believe that these samples were from Japanese and Chinese immigrants whose pronunciation of the mother tongue might show traces of interference from English. Thirdly, there were no samples from native speakers of Japanese and Chinese serving as controls among < previous page page_35 next page > < previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 the speech data presented to the judges.