By Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy

What precisely are phrases? Are they the issues that get indexed in dictionaries, or are they the elemental devices of sentence constitution? Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy explores the consequences of those varied techniques to phrases in English. He explains a number of the ways that phrases are concerning each other, and exhibits how the background of the English language has affected note constitution. issues contain: phrases, sentences and dictionaries; a observe and its elements (roots and affixes); a observe and its types (inflection); a observe and its family (derivation); compound phrases; note constitution; productiveness; and the historic resources of English observe formation.

Show description

Read or Download An introduction to English morphology: words and their structure PDF

Best study & teaching books

Geometry Success in 20 Minutes a Day

Even if you are new to geometry or simply searching for a refresher, this thoroughly revised and up-to-date 3rd version of Geometry luck in 20 mins an afternoon deals a 20-step lesson plan that gives speedy and thorough guide in useful, severe abilities. Stripped of pointless math jargon yet bursting with geometry necessities, Geometry luck in 20 mins an afternoon is a useful source for either scholars and adults.

Didactique du francais juridique : Francais langue etrangere a visee professionnelle

Le droit est intimement lié à los angeles langue dans laquelle il se dit. Il véhicule un système de valeurs, un mode de pensée, un sort de société spécifiques. Enseigner/apprendre le français du droit, c'est donc s'approprier un système juridique en tant que donnée culturelle. Cet ouvrage présente les valeurs référentes du système juridique français, des analyses morphologiques, sémantiques et discursives de los angeles langue juridique spécialisée, ainsi que des functions pédagogiques utilisables pour bâtir un cours de français juridique.

Additional info for An introduction to English morphology: words and their structure

Sample text

These include some of the commonest morphemes in the language, as I will illustrate directly. I will then discuss in more detail what aspects of the context can influence the choice of allomorph. How are the plurals of most English nouns formed? If one compares cats, dogs and horses with cat, dog and horse respectively, the obvious answer is: ‘by adding -s’. But English spelling is notoriously unreliable as a guide to pronunciation. In fact, this -s suffix has three allomorphs: [s] (as in cats or lamps), [z] (as in dogs or days), and [z] or [əz] (as in horses or judges).

Foxes and oxen display different plural suffix morphemes) while others use it in a more abstract sense (whereby foxes and oxen both contain the morpheme ‘plural’, realised by distinct allomorphs -es and -en). Whenever you encounter these terms, make sure you know in which sense they are being used. My own preference is for the concrete sense; but I also try to avoid occasions for possible misunderstanding by using instead of ‘morpheme’ the terms ‘affix’, ‘suffix’ and ‘root’, as appropriate, wherever possible.

The singular–plural distinction is the only grammatical distinction that is expressed morphologically in English nouns. Some readers (especially those that know something of languages such as German or Latin) may be surprised that I have said nothing about the ‘apostrophe-s’ form: pianist’s, man’s, child’s, children’s etc. – do these not count as further inflected forms of the lexemes ,  and , namely ‘possessive’ forms? g. ), and (24) and (25) show conclusively that what -’s attaches to is a whole noun phrase (that man you met (yesterday)), including whatever modifiers it may contain following the noun at its head (man, in this instance).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.90 of 5 – based on 45 votes