By Daniel N. Robinson
An highbrow historical past of Psychology, already a vintage in its box, is now to be had in a concise new 3rd variation. It provides mental principles as a part of a better internet of pondering all through historical past in regards to the necessities of human nature, interwoven with rules from philosophy, technology, faith, paintings, literature, and politics.
Daniel N. Robinson demonstrates that from the sunrise of rigorous and self-critical inquiry in historic Greece, reflections approximately human nature were inextricably associated with the cultures from which they arose, and every definable historic age has extra its personal personality and tone to this lengthy culture. An highbrow background of Psychology not just explores the main major rules approximately human nature from historical to trendy instances, but additionally examines the wider social and medical contexts during which those strategies have been articulated and defended. Robinson treats each one epoch, no matter if historical Greece or Renaissance Florence or Enlightenment France, in its personal phrases, revealing the issues that ruled the age and engaged the energies of top thinkers.
Robinson additionally explores the abiding pressure among humanistic and medical views, assessing the main convincing positions on either side of the talk. helpful as a textual content for college kids and as a stimulating and insightful assessment for students and practising psychologists, this quantity will be learn both as a historical past of psychology in either its philosophical and aspiring clinical sessions or as a concise historical past of Western philosophy’s innovations of human nature.
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Additional info for An Intellectual History of Psychology
The doctrine is a species of nativism, for it proposes that what is discovered through philosophy is what was there in the soul all along. Moreover, the theory assumes significant and innate differences among human beings such that certain minds will not be as quick as others, nor certain characters as virtuous, no matter how nurturing the environment. Rather, some will be naturally and ineradicably superior to others in intelligence and virtue. They will, properly and inevitably, lead and protect the less fortunate.
He succeeds in distinguishing between the specific factual knowledge acquired through the. senses and the more significant general principles known to the mind (185). He also notes the difference between opinion, which may be and often is false, and Psychology in the Hellenic Age 27 knowledge which, by definition, cannot be false (188). Socrates also uses the Theaetetus to present his theory of memory according to which experiences are recorded as something like wax impressions. The durability of the impression depends on the frequency of the experience and the purity of the wax (191-195).
Accordingly, the inescapable generalizations we seek in the dialogues are, when found, unavoidably arguable. What is clear is that the failures of the state, the moral decline so evident in the wake of the Age of Pericles, help to account for the conservative tone of the teachings and for the reluctance at least on Plato's part to become absorbed into the nonphilosophical affairs of the world. A child of wealth, groomed for leadership, Plato relates his decision to forgo any and all political options: [O]ur city was no longer governed according to the customs and institutions of our fathers ....