By Said Amir Arjomand
A entire analytical view of Iran within the final 20 years, protecting the advance of theocratic executive, stumbling blocks to democratization and hardliners' international coverage and neighborhood ambitions
Written via the writer of The Turban for the Crown
A new concept of the innovative method and post-revolutionary reconstruction instructed via the Iranian case
For many americans, Iran is our most threatening enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even ahead of the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the fact? How did Ahmadinejad upward push to energy, and what kind of energy does he rather have? What are the possibilities of normalizing kin with Iran?
In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a sophisticated and perceptive portrait of latest Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran lower than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts off, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, providing a super pill biography of the fellow who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter top exemplified by means of Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic procedure, he lines the emergence and consolidation of the current approach of collective rule through clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management via the ayatollah because the excellent advisor and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the inner political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his progressive legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's protection forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the power destiny function of the innovative Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's overseas coverage to boot, together with the influence of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.
Few nations loom higher in American overseas kin than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, knowledgeable on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a kingdom nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.
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Additional resources for After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors
The regulations of the Islamic Republic are Islamic regulations, and obedience to them is incumbent. . [They are all] governmental ordinances (ahka¯m-e hokumati) of the ruling jurist. . In reality, it is because of the legitimacy of the Mandate [of the Jurist] that they all acquire legitimacy. . The Mandate of the Jurist is like the soul in the body of the regime. I will go further and say that the validity of the Constitution, which is the basis, standard and framework of all laws, is due to its acceptance and conﬁrmation by the ruling jurist.
Khomeini did not set up a government in a vacuum, however, but took over an existing one that had undergone considerable modernization in the course of the twentieth century. His project of the Islamicization of the Pahlavi state and its transformation into a Shi’ite theocracy required a drastic transformation of the Shi’ite legal tradition. From being what Max Weber called a “jurists’ law,” the Shi’ite religious law had to be transformed into the law of the modern state based on a written constitution.
50 But this passionate plea had no effect. From that point on, the constitutional developments in the IRI primarily consisted of a series of adjustments khomeini and the islamic revolution 29 required for a working synthesis of the theocratic idea of the Mandate of the Jurist with the legal principles and organization of the modern Iranian nation-state. During the three decades before the Islamic revolution, a new approach to the reception of constitutionalism in the Muslim world had developed.