By Yi Wang

This e-book offers a accomplished evaluation of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, examining crucial social and fiscal alterations within the housing region. targeting the city alterations that happened lower than the marketplace economic system after 1978 and past, the ebook addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s outdated urban, the relocation of low-income households from the previous urban, the government’s position relating to housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing. increasing at the author’s PhD thesis on the college of Cambridge, it really is illustrated with a wealth of historical photographs and maps of Beijing. providing appropriate descriptions, large literature and case reviews, the e-book deals a priceless source for college kids and students of structure, city reviews and chinese language reports. First released in 2013 via velocity in Hong Kong, it has seeing that been additional to the libraries of many uncommon universities, together with Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Columbia, Yale, Stanford, Cornell, U Penn, NYU, UC Berkeley, Hong Kong college, UBC in Canada and the college of Witwatersrand in South Africa.

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That is, the whole land area of the city was 45 times (5 times 9) that of the Palace City (Fu 2001: 11). The outermost city walls had eleven gates altogether: three gates on each side, except for the northern side, which had only two. In the 2 In Mongolian it had been known as Khanbalig, or the City of the Grand Khan, and in the West the city was also known as Cambaluc, the Venetian traveller Marco Polo’s transliteration of the Mongolian name. 1 The Origin of the City 15 Fig. 2 The Yuan capital Dadu.

Thereafter more and more Japanese moved into the city. According to statistics (Sun and Wang 2002), the number of Japanese living in Beijing was 4000 by December 1936, but by October 1939, the number had risen sharply to 41,000, with females accounting for 39 %. This high percentage of women indicated that Japanese migrants had moved to Beijing, mostly in families. As the Japanese rolled into the old city proper and occupied the courtyard houses by forcing the original Chinese residents out, conflicts between Chinese and Japanese residents occurred frequently.

The imperial family had channelled a spring to the palace from West Mountain (Xishan in Chinese), and the residents also dug wells to obtain water in the ancient manner. By 1910 the first water supply system had been built by a German company. The Legation Quarter was a visible sign that the Western powers had forcibly opened the door of China. By providing a Western model within such an old city, it also played a direct role in promoting the modernization of the city. In 1915, the first asphalt streets were built in the Legation Quarter, which with their cleanliness and orderliness served as a model for the rest of Beijing.

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