By Charles L. Mee Jr.

World conflict I and the Versailles Treaty that produced the main critical upheaval in a protracted and stormy process glossy global historical past. 4 nice empires - Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Russia - have been a part of the war's rubble. faraway from restoring the realm to reserve, the diplomats who met in 1919 at Paris and Versailles plunged the area back, this time irretrievably, into the chaos of the 20th century. It used to be the top of order.

At 3 o'clock at the afternoon of may perhaps 7, 1919, the top of the German delegation to the Paris Peace convention entered a room within the Palace of Versailles and was once "dazzled and disoriented through the surprising explosion of solar mirrored within the substantial mirrors, the chandeliers and white walls." Brockdorf-Rantzau used to be extra bewildered via the treaty that was once offered to him - "a mass of go references and adjusted paragraphs" masking two hundred revealed pages and one hundred forty articles. but not anyone had studied the record - no longer the barrel-chested, shrewd...

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And, while Wilson exerted this external pressure, the socialists believed, they would exert the internal political pressure. On December 27, Clemenceau was forced to go before Parliament to request 10 billion francs for the civil and military budget for the first quarter of 1919. The socialists seized on the moment to ensnare Clemenceau in a debate on his foreign policy, to force him to speak about his intentions at the peace conference, to make him commit himself to a Wilsonian policy at the conference.

Once he got hold of something that he liked and that was comfortable, he hated to let go. The president had been born in Virginia in 1856, the only son of a severe Presbyterian minister and of a mother whom he recalled affectionately but infrequently. He had two older sisters; his relationships with women were generally accounted normal and commonplace, perhaps somewhat dull. He had been an indifferent or poor student, who did not decipher the alphabet until the age of nine, and did not read until the age of eleven.

He spent much time out of political office, much time despised, and he spent some of his years of disfavor writing dreadful novels and plays. He made many friends and acquaintances among artists and writers; he knew Oscar Wilde; he fought over an American woman, Selma Everdon, with Auguste Rodin. Perhaps his closest and most enduring friendship was with Claude Monet, whose impressionist paintings of water lilies Clemenceau especially loved. Clemenceau enjoyed visiting Monet, sitting with Monet in the painter’s garden, urging him on when the painter began to go blind toward the end of his life.

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